Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with a number of connected sorts of garments originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but occasionally also for lounging,[2] also by the two sexes.[3] Far more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.

The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]

The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian period. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early given that the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first half of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a fashion in Britain and the Western environment as sleeping apparel for men until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This type of garment is used by many people in India e.g. by Girls of various classes, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the habit similar to a excellent numerous Many others with the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was at times the situation with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it can be because of the White Ants."[ten]


Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers combination crafted from delicate cloth, like flannel or light-weight cotton.[11] The jacket aspect generally provides a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[12] Many individuals opt to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama trousers for men and boys will often be offered as separates.

In colloquial speech, these regular pajamas tend to be identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes often called night time suits.

Some pajamas element a drop seat (also called a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening inside the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Fall seats had been very common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but while in the early 20-initial century They can be alternatively uncommon.
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Modern day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are numerous variants in design and style like quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length,[16] or, from time to time, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating various supplies. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Generally worn by youngsters, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and may also be footed.

Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for example nightgowns, from the US, they may have in some cases included the latter as being a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of shorter costume major around shorts or short trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may perhaps now refer to women's combination pidžame daywear, especially in the US where they became popular in the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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